Horton Vision 175 Crossbows

In the world of archery, the compound bow stands as a testament to the innovation in modern archery. Combining age-old principles with cutting-edge technology, these bows have become the preferred choice for many archers. With a system of cables, pulleys, and cams, compound bows provide the archer with the ability to hold a high poundage at full draw, allowing for better precision and accuracy. From the power and speed they generate to their compact design and adjustability, compound bows offer a unique and thrilling experience for archers of all levels. So whether you’re a seasoned archer or just starting out, the compound bow offers a fusion of innovation and tradition that is sure to captivate.

Horton Vision 175 Crossbows

1. What is a Compound Bow?

A compound bow is characterized by a system of cables, pulleys, and cams that assist the archer in holding a high poundage at full draw. Unlike traditional bows, where the draw weight increases as you pull back, compound bows reach a peak weight and then “let-off” to a lower holding weight, allowing the archer to take more time when aiming.

2. Key Components:


The limbs of a compound bow differ from those of longbows or recurve bows. While longbow and recurve limbs are typically straight or curved, compound bow limbs are much stiffer, providing the power behind the arrow. This stiffness gives the compound bow its distinctive appearance.


Cams are oval-shaped devices that rotate as the bow is drawn. They play a crucial role in the draw cycle, dictating the feel of the draw and the overall performance of the bow. The design of the cams affects factors such as the speed, smoothness, and “valley” of the draw, which refers to the point of reduced holding weight at full draw.

Cables & Strings

The cables and strings of a compound bow are integral to the functioning of the cams. They transfer energy from the cams to the limbs and arrow during a shot. The cables and strings need to be well-maintained to ensure optimal performance and accuracy.


The riser is the central part of the bow, usually made of aluminum or carbon. It serves as the foundation to which the limbs, sights, stabilizers, and other accessories are attached. The design and material of the riser contribute to the overall weight, balance, and stability of the bow.

Horton Vision 175 Crossbows

3. Advantages of Compound Bows:

Power & Speed

One of the primary advantages of compound bows is their ability to generate immense power. The combination of the cams, limbs, and let-off allows compound bows to propel arrows at tremendous speeds. This power makes compound bows highly effective for various applications, including hunting and target archery.


The mechanical advantage offered by compound bows significantly enhances accuracy. The ability to hold the bow at full draw for longer periods allows archers to take their time when aiming and make precise shots. The reduced holding weight also contributes to better stability, resulting in improved accuracy.

Compact Design

Another advantage of compound bows is their compact design. The shorter limb design makes them more manageable in tight spaces, such as hunting blinds or crowded archery ranges. This compactness allows archers to maneuver the bow easily without sacrificing power and accuracy.


Many compound bows offer adjustable features, such as draw length and draw weight. This adjustability makes compound bows versatile and accommodating to different archers. Being able to customize the bow to individual preferences and skill levels is a significant advantage, especially for beginners or those transitioning from other bow types.

4. Choosing the Right Compound Bow:


When choosing a compound bow, consider your intended use. Are you targeting big game, participating in target archery, or maybe even bowfishing? Different bows are designed with specific purposes in mind, so selecting one that aligns with your intended use will optimize your overall experience.

Draw Length

Ensuring that the bow fits your personal draw length is crucial for comfort and accuracy. Draw length refers to the distance from the bowstring at rest to the grip when the bow is fully drawn. Using a bow with an incorrect draw length can negatively affect your shooting technique and ultimately hinder your accuracy.

Draw Weight

Start with a draw weight that you can comfortably and consistently pull back. It’s important not to choose a weight that is too heavy to handle, as it can lead to poor form and cause unnecessary strain or injury. As you progress and build strength, you can gradually increase the draw weight.


Let-off is the percentage of weight reduction when the bow is at full draw. It allows the archer to hold the bow drawn for longer periods with less effort. Higher let-off percentages are advantageous for archers who need more time to aim or may struggle with holding a higher poundage.

Horton Vision 175 Crossbows

5. Maintenance & Care:

Compound bows, with their intricate design, require regular maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Here are a few key maintenance and care tips for compound bows:

  • Periodically inspect the strings, cables, and cams for wear and tear. Replace any damaged or frayed components promptly.
  • Clean the bow regularly, removing any dirt, grime, or debris that may accumulate on the limbs, riser, and cams. Use a soft cloth or brush to avoid scratching the bow’s surface.
  • Lubricate the moving parts, such as the cams and axles, with bow-specific lubricants. This helps reduce friction and ensures smooth operation.
  • Store the bow in a cool, dry place away from extreme temperatures and humidity. Consider using a bow case to protect it from potential damage during transportation or storage.
  • Consider professional tuning at least once a year. A professional bow technician can assess and adjust various elements of the bow to maintain optimal performance.

6. A Word on Safety:

When using a compound bow, safety should always be a top priority. Here are some essential safety guidelines to follow:

  • Always use arrows recommended for your specific bow’s draw weight. Using arrows that are too weak or too strong can jeopardize your safety and the bow’s performance.
  • Ensure your shooting lane is clear of any obstructions and people before shooting. Maintain a safe distance from others to avoid accidents or injury.
  • Always keep your fingers behind the bowstring and never in front of it when drawing or shooting. Proper finger placement helps prevent accidental release and potential harm.
  • Be aware of what lies beyond your target. Ensure there is a safe backstop to catch any arrows that may miss the target. Never shoot towards people, buildings, or any other potential hazards.

Horton Vision 175 Crossbows


The compound bow represents a fusion of innovation and tradition in the world of archery. Since its invention in the 1960s, it has revolutionized the way archers approach their craft. The combination of age-old principles and cutting-edge technology has yielded a bow that offers immense power, accuracy, and adjustability. Whether you’re a seasoned archer or just beginning your journey, the compound bow provides a unique and thrilling experience. Embrace the advantages it offers and enjoy the rich heritage of archery in a modern and exciting way.


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